Additional Files

The additional files for this article can be found as follows:

Appendix 1

Names of all Newcastle Science Comic contributors and editors. DOI:

Appendix 2

List of Newcastle Science Comic extracts included in this article. DOI:

Editorial Note

This article is part of the Graphic Science Special Collection, edited by Nicolas Labarre, with assistance from Ernesto Priego. This piece was peer-reviewed by Pierre Nocerino and Nicolas Labarre.


I gratefully acknowledge the work of Iain Wheeldon (for Spineless: The Newcastle Science Comic evaluation data collection and inputting) and Brittany Coxon (for Photoshop skills in the compilation of artwork). I am forever grateful to Newcastle Science Comic’s editorial team (Paul Thompson, Brittany Coxon, Jack Fallows, Michael Thompson, and Michael Duckett), and the contributors listed in appendix 1.

Funding Information

Science FACT-ion and Asteroid Belter: The Newcastle Science Comic were funded by Newcastle University public engagement as part of the British Science Festival 2013. Spineless: The Newcastle Science Comic was funded jointly by Newcastle University and the Great North Museum: Hancock as part of the Spineless exhibition in summer 2015.

Competing Interests

The author has no competing interests to declare.


Beaton, K 2011 Hark! A Vagrant. London: Jonathan Cape.

Bendis, B M, Bagley, M and Immonen, S 2000 Ultimate Spider-Man [series]. New York, NY: Marvel Comics.

Breese, L, Maunder, L, Waddell, E, Gray, D and White, J 2012 Stress control in prison health care: an audit. The British Journal of Forensic Practice, 14(4): 292–301. DOI:

Brown, S 2007 A Critique of Generic Learning Outcomes. Journal of Learning Design, 2(2): 22–30. DOI:

Cunningham, D 2010 Psychiatric Tales. London: Bloomsbury.

Curtis, T P, Mara, D D and Silva, S A 1992 Influence of pH, Oxygen, and Humic Substances on Ability of Sunlight To Damage Fecal Coliforms in Waste Stabilization Pond Water. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 58(4): 1335–1343.

Eisner, W 1969 ‘How to Strip Your Baby’. In: The M-16A1 Rifle: Operation and Preventative Maintenance, 750–30. Department of the Army Pamphlet. Reproduced online: (accessed 25th October 2017).

Flewitt, R S, Nind, M and Payler, J 2009 ‘If she’s left with books she’ll just eat them’: Considering inclusive multimodal literacy practices. Journal of Early Childhood Literacy, 9(2): 211–233. DOI:

Freire, P 1970 Pedagogy of the Oppressed. 30th Anniversary Edn., transl. Myra Bergman Ramos. New York, NY, and London: Continuum.

Harper, G 2011 Practice-led research and the future of the creative industries. Creative Industries Journal, 4(1): 5–17. DOI:

Hyslop, L A, Blakeley, P, Craven, L, Richardson, J, Fogarty, N M E, Fragouli, E, Lamb, M, Wamaitha, S E, Prathalingam, N, Zhang, Q, OKeefe, H, Takeda, Y, Arizzi, L, Alfarawati, S, Tuppen, H, Irving, L, Kalleas, D, Choudhary, M, Wells, D, Murdoch, A P, Turnbull, D M, Niakan, K K and Herbert, M 2016 Towards clinical application of pronuclear transfer to prevent mitochondrial DNA disease. Nature, 534(7607): 383–386. DOI:

Jones, M R, Fowler, H J, Kilsby, C G and Blenkinsop, S 2013 An assessment of changes in seasonal and annual extreme rainfall in the UK between 1961 and 2009. International Journal of Climatology, 33: 1178–1194. DOI:

Luhrmann, T 2010 ‘What counts as Data?’ In: Davies, J and Spencer, D (eds.), Emotions in the Field: The Psychology and Anthropology of Fieldwork Experience. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press.

Mahony, N and Stephansen, H C 2017 Engaging with the public in public engagement with research. Research For All, 1(1): 35–51. DOI:

Nityananda, V, Tarawneh, G, Rosner, R, Nicolas, J, Crichton, S and Read, J 2016 Insect stereopsis demonstrated using a 3D insect cinema. Scientific Reports, 6(18718): 1–9. DOI:

Research Centre for Museums and Galleries 2003 Measuring the Outcomes and Impact of Learning in Museums, archives and Libraries. The Learning Impact Research Project End of Project Paper. Leicester: Research Centre for Museums and Galleries. Available online: (accessed 20th January 2018).

Skerritt, D J, Robertson, P A, Mill, A C, Polunin, N V C and Fitzsimmons, C 2015 Fine-scale movement, activity patterns and home-ranges of European lobster Homarus gammarus. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 536: 203–219. DOI:

Straker, S and Hall, E 1999 From clarity to chaos and back: some reflections on the research process. Educational Action Research, 7(3): 419–432. DOI:

tom Dieck, M C, Jung, T H and tom Dieck, D 2016 Enhancing art gallery visitors’ learning experience using wearable augmented reality: generic learning outcomes perspective. Current Issues in Tourism, 1–21. DOI:

Vygotsky, L S 1978 Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cole, M, John-Steiner, V, Scribner, S and Souberman, E (eds.). Cambridge, MA, and London: Harvard University Press.

Wiley, T 2010 Verity Bourneville’s Guide to the Electro-Magnetic Spectrum. Created for CAPTION comics convention, Oxford.

Wysocki, L and Coxon, B (eds.) 2015 Spineless: The Newcastle Science Comic. Newcastle upon Tyne: Lydia Wysocki. Available online: (accessed 25th October 2017).

Wysocki, L and Thompson, P (eds.) 2013 Asteroid Belter: The Newcastle Science Comic. Newcastle upon Tyne: Lydia Wysocki. Available online: (accessed 25th October 2017).

Wysocki, L and Thompson, P (eds.) 2013 Science FACT-ion. Available online: (accessed 25th October 2017).

Wysocki, L and Thompson, M 2014 EPIC THEMES IN AWESOME WAYS: How we made Asteroid Belter: The Newcastle Science Comic, and why it matters. Conference proceedings. Comics Forum 2014, Leeds, UK.

Younger, P L, Manning, D A C, Millward, D, Busby, J P, Jones, C R C and Gluyas, J G 2016 Geothermal exploration in the Fell Sandstone Formation (Mississippian) beneath the city centre of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: The Newcastle Science Central Deep Geothermal Borehole. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 49: 350–363. DOI: