Editorial Note

This article is part of the Creating Comics, Creative Comics Special Collection, edited by Brian Fagence (University of South Wales) and Geraint D’Arcy (University of South Wales) with editorial support from Ernesto Priego (City, University of London).

Competing Interests

The author has no competing interests to declare.


Davies, PF. 2017. ‘Making Meanings with Comics: A Functional Approach to Graphic Narrative’. PhD Thesis, Sussex: University of Sussex. http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/69049/.

Halliday, MAK and Christian, M. 2014. Halliday’s Introduction to Functional Grammar. Abingdon: Routledge.

McCloud, S. 1993. Understanding Comics: The Invisible Art. New York: Harper Perennial.

McCloud, S. 2006. Making Comics: Storytelling Secrets of Comics, Manga and Graphic Novels. New York: Harper.

Comics Extracts

Davies, PF. 2011. Because I Am: Stories 2004–2009. http://www.lulu.com/shop/p-f-davies/because-i-am-stories-2004-2009/paperback/product-14939472.html.